Spring Cleaning: Reflecting to Clear the Clutter

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Isn’t there something about Spring that drives us to streamline? Take a deep breath – out with the old and in with the new! We made it through winter, the sun is shining, the plants and animals around us are alive and flourishing. Our cells even “declutter” old, stagnant cells. This is one of the things that’s so incredible about biology – the systems that resonate on multiple levels – from how our cells function up to entire biospheres. Spring cleaning improves efficiency biologically, it’s in line with our natural systems!

This is a great time of year to do some spring cleaning of our space in the classroom, of course, but also of our habits and curriculum. Decluttering usually involves a 2-step approach: What should I keep? What should I get rid of? After decluttering, we may notice space for something new. I like to use a Google Doc labeled simply with the year that I can pull up during my planning time.

Step 1: What Should I Get Rid Of?

I use 2 questions when while sorting material things – if there’s not a yes to one, it goes: Is it functional? Is it beautiful?

We can apply this to education as well, but different qualifiers for the “keep” pile: Does it result in student growth on the learning targets I’ve set? Does it improve my capacity as a dynamic educator? If there’s not a clear “yes” to one of these questions, time to trash it.

Are there unhealthy habits clogging up your productivity and wellness? Maybe staying up until 11pm on the computer has become a habit, and you’re recognizing you’ve felt tired. Maybe rushing out the door without breakfast has become the norm, and you’re finding your patience is short.

What about any negative thought patterns? How do you start the day – what’s the story when you’re on the way into the classroom? Do you want to hold onto that personal narrative – is it empowering, energizing, positive? How might walking in thinking “I love each of my students!” or “My kindness and curiosity make a difference” influence the way you interact with those around you? Sometimes we inadvertently walk around with negative messages and can feel the tension…”I don’t have enough time.”, “(Students) won’t stop talking”, etc. How can I rephrase that into a more empowering positive? “I have a lot of important things to do and I have the autonomy to prioritize – what’s most important?”, “My students care a lot about their social connections – how can I utilize that in my plans?” This doesn’t mean we can’t have boundaries and expectations, we should, it just helps us walk in with a feeling of personal empowerment and collaboration as opposed to resorting to impulsive control methods driven by our amygdala.

Similarly, if I am working with someone who is persistently making statements that are focused on the negative, I might inadvertently carry negativity with me into my work, or find myself echoing the negative-focusing statements to the people I work with. “(Person) will never be able to (objective)” or sweeping generalities might sweep me along into a negative belief of my own, in particular if I respect the peer’s opinion.

In channeling our focus toward positive outcomes with others or in our own thinking – questions to find more clarity or direct conversation toward problem solving can help generate productive momentum. “What can we do about that?”, “What is that getting in the way of?”, “How should we approach this with (person)?” The dialogue over shortcomings is a professional must – it’s part of the messy work. Educational pruning. The peers (students and staff) I respect most on a professional level are those willing to engage in dialogue about how we can do better. How we engage in that dialogue makes a big difference in whether or not it influences our ability to better meet our collective goals, or takes the wind out of our sails.

Of course, we also need to reflect on our draining classroom practices. Maybe you’re spending a lot of time on transitions quieting the class down, you’ve run a project that most students didn’t find engaging, you’re spending a lot of time and energy focusing on getting one very disruptive student to comply, have a very high attention-need student, or spending a great deal of time and effort using a tool in the classroom.

Write it all down. 

Step 2: What Should I Keep?

Curriculum:

What worked well this year in improving my students’ skills and understanding? –> Useful project, scaffolding, and/or teaching strategies to note.

How do I know? –> Useful assessment practices to note.

Relationships:

Which students did I best connect with? How did I do that?

Professional Growth:

What were learning experiences that resulted in changes in my classroom practice?

When did I find myself challenging my assumptions?

Personal Wellness:

What got me through some difficult times this year?

When did I feel the best?

Write it all down, above the “toss” pile items in step 1. 

Step 3: What Should I Bring In?

Now we can look at what to get rid of. Sometimes it’s as simple as deciding not to run a project the same way, but to revise it. Or, deciding to email community partners and potential panelists sooner in the project planning process.

This is a great opportunity in reflection to strategize with other adults you respect, or students you have time to talk with.

For instance, with classroom practices – I like to eliminate waste and also get clear on what I need to stay firm on. Doing this gives me more comfort and reassurance being flexible with things that aren’t on the list. We can’t do everything perfectly – but we can do what we intend to close to that. Focus standards, formative assessment commitments, and classroom norms that are essential to safety (physical and emotional) should be on the stay firm list.

Write the strategies down and bring them out during your planning, and periodically throughout the implementation of the new systems/strategies to revise as needed. I like to set up a table with any of the “toss” items I can’t really toss, but have to re-frame and re-strategize on. For instance, with a high-attention need student, I recognize there are extra roles I can give – maybe this student (if one emerges next year) could help redirect the class when needed during transitions?

After Spring Cleaning, we need to make sure there’s time to package and store for the fall – after reflection is the best time for planning.

My coteacher and I are currently amidst our “pruning” – working on streamlining what we as teachers focus energy on. Here’s a snapshot of our working curriculum map for next year: BiofitnessCurriculumMap2017-18 draft In my next post, I’ll write more about the curriculum mapping step of the process and how once we have a real problem and personal relevance, we map out the project learning objectives and ultimately scaffolding.

A reminder: It’s messy, and it’s not a linear process. We’ll stretch toward our values and back to student interests, weave into focused skills and wind into graphic organizers. We’ll look at the calendar and brace ourselves, and have to prune and move around. We’ll take in new data and re-focus. Meet with one student and then with 60. This will continue through our planning, and the year, and the career.

This is messy, dynamic work. This is learning.

To the Earth

 

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I realized today, that 10 years of teaching means I’ve had over 1,500 students in my classes. I told this to one of my students in the gym, and she replied “OH MY GOD, haven’t you gotten bored?!” I replied “No way, every day is new.” It’s the students who keep it new. Every single one of them has had an impact on me…and so my teaching, and so each other, and so their communities. It blows my mind how amazing that is! Still, students say things on a near-daily basis that impact me.

For instance, today in Biofitness, students had an option to help out in the school garden. When I said I needed a team to water, several volunteered. When I said I needed seed planters, again, no problem – several volunteers. When I said I needed someone to pull weeds, a few kids stepped forward. After having pulled weeds for about 10 minutes, one student, I’ll call her “I”, said “Do we get to keep pulling weeds? I really like it, it makes me feel good. I feel relaxed.” Jet fuel for the high school Health/Environmental Science teacher’s soul!

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I feel a deep need to be outside, to be around living things, in particular plants. I don’t know if this is just me, or if everyone else is happy with being primarily around cars, computers, and walls and I’m just in the wrong environment for my personality type. I suspect that other people long to be connected with the Earth too, though. To be breathing clean, fresh air, in natural light, and in the company of green thriving things.

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Tomorrow is Earth Day.

I’ll be marching for science to downtown Napa with my family a few hours before the city’s Earth Day celebration to help Environmental Science students set up a booth – a booth they organized and initiated completely on their own. I’m doing the momteacher jobs of bringing the canopy, table & cloth, and proudly taking photos.

We anticipate Earth Day with enthusiasm in the Wolf household. It’s a chance to celebrate the unique planet of which we are a part, and revisit the things we can do to better live in tune with the beautiful web of which we are a part. Tonight, tucking my oldest son (7 years) into bed, I  said “Tomorrow’s Earth Party Downtown!”, he replied “Can we bring gloves and pick up some trash?”. That’s my boy.

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This semester has been a challenging one to teach Environmental Science. The beginning of the year had great positive momentum – there was a feeling of being a part of a collective understanding that our long-used strategy of “burn stuff” for energy isn’t working out so well for our species, let alone the ecosystems on which we depend. The Paris Climate Agreement (albeit largely symbolic) gave us something to look to as we recognized the Tragedy of the Commons unfolding in many aspects of modern society around us.

Of course, in our own country, there’s been a shift since then. As a teacher, I abstain from sharing my own perspective on political matters. Science, however, has become increasingly political. How can I teach Environmental Science and NOT be political? I can’t. I gave that up. I decided to re-focus in on the power and impact of local government and grassroots movements. Where in the life science standards is this? It’s not. The standards are the “what”. The ethics are the “why”. I’m not a teacher of the “what” without the “how” and “why” – I call that a shallow concept tutorial. I’m a human, so I teach human stuff to humans.

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In the PBL classroom we’re trying new things, basing projects on big questions with no clear answers, looking the scariest problems of the world square in the face and saying “I’m taking you on”.

We’re getting our hands dirty and tearing down the walls, one day at a time.

The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness.
John Muir

 

 

Building Projects #3: Rethinking Content as Stories & Skills

Last time, in “Building Projects #2: What’s My Job?“, I define my role in the PBL classroom as a respectful and present cultivator of student learning. Next, off to define what type of learning to cultivate before I prepare the soil and select the seeds. What’s the content?

I see traditional subject areas as either primarily skill subjects or story subjects. Story subjects, such as biology, are based on a framework of understanding how interrelated parts connect, the understanding of the existence of relevant things, events, and phenomena and the application in decision making – stories of how things came to be, how they are, and where they might some day go. Skill subjects – such as math and languages – are tools for communication and organization of information to draw new understandings. Stories are communicated and documented using skills.

If we consider the following list to be traditional subject areas, we can sort them in to skill and story focused courses:

  • Math (Skill)
  • English Language Arts (Skill)
  • Foreign Language (Skill)
  • Fine Arts (Skill)
  • Physical Education (Skill)
  • Computer Science/Coding (a newly emerging “subject” in many schools that I feel deserves it’s own category) (Skill)
  • Making/Building/Measuring/Recording (Skill)
  • Social Sciences (Story)
  • Natural Sciences (Story)
  • Physical Sciences (Story)

I consider most of our traditional “subjects” be be skill focused, with the sciences (natural, physical, and social) making up the stories. Yes, there are skills involved in story subject areas and vice versa, but that’s because real life is interdisciplinary. In my perfect school, we’d design all projects off of the sciences (social, natural, and physical), and skills educators would build their scaffolding and skill development off of the sciences stories. This would streamline what the school day looks like and better support deep, focused, meaningful learning.

So, keeping this multidisciplinary approach in mind, I don’t want to design a project that is built off of one subject area’s content standards.When deciding content to build a multidisciplinary project upon, I prefer to start with stories from within my branch of science that are broader and more meaningful than one subject area’s content standards. I’m not saying projects can’t and shouldn’t be designed starting with the standards, or that it can’t be done very well, it’s just not my preferred method after having run projects that are minimally impactful on students and community, and the opposite.

Listed below are some theses to stories I want students to deeply understand and incorporate into their schema of the world that many of my natural sciences have been built upon over the years. This is living list. Projects I build are usually based on between two and four of these stories.:

  • Systems are made up of integrated, interconnected parts. There are patterns in systems that can help us better understand other systems.
  • Energy is everywhere, and is not created or destroyed.
  • Burning stuff isn’t the only way to access energy on demand.
  • There are specific strategies for designing and carrying out sound scientific investigations. Science is based upon empirical evidence.
  • There’s more than one way to be healthy.
  • The human body is made up of parts that we understand. The shape and function of these parts is impacted by our choices and behaviors, as well as by genetics and our environment.
  • Biochemical processes can impact our thoughts, behavior and decision making.
  • Neurons in our brains are impacted by our deliberate thoughts, actions, and practice.
  • Living things and their environment are interconnected as a part of a system – that includes humans (we’re not observers).
  • Individuals have a lot of choices, rights, and power.
  • Teams of diverse people solve problems with greater perspective and insight.
  • Real world problems are multidisciplinary.
  • All life on Earth has a common code, and we understand how to read and manipulate this code.
  • Natural systems minimize waste and utilize what’s available.
  • There’s a lot of decision making to be made regarding how individuals, communities, and nations interact with natural resources.
  • Citizen groups and local politics matter.

Any of the above story theses could be built upon to design a deep, multidisciplinary, standards-rich and meaningful project. It’s worthwhile to share these stories with other professionals in other fields and other staff to find common threads across multiple perspectives.

Oh…and here’s another reason I prefer to build projects based off of stories. Sharing meaningful stories feels good! I mean like sun on your back, seeps right down into your bones good. A story shared is like a warm collaborative bridge of experience between people through words, symbols, sounds, images. It’s connecting. When we build off of a meaningful story, in PBL often an open-ended story, we build off of a cross-cultural tradition that has sustained human knowledge and understanding for generations.

I leave you with one of my favorite stories (by Wangari Mathaii) to tell in our home: 

Reading to Boys

Building Projects #1: What do you stand for?

I’ve encountered many different opinions about where to start in project based learning curriculum and classroom design. Many times, the advice is to start with the standards and/or learning objectives (which yes are very important and we’ll get to those!),  student goals/interests (these are so important too…I assure you these are essential as well!), or current events (which are also up there in the get to these soon!). I’d like to say that the best place to start is one of these three… but that’s not where I start so I’m not going to urge you to do that.

I start with my own values. I’m not suggesting that we start with our own interests – so I’m not suggesting that I think “I love running, so I should design a project about running”. We shouldn’t design a project that is supposed to pull us and our students through for weeks off of a teacher’s interest. I’m talking about core values – the big ones. Values are bigger than interests and bigger than beliefs.

High quality teachers make a profound difference for high quality student outcomes. Teachers matter, and how teachers teach matters. An engaged and motivated teacher is more willing to engage in continued professional learning (see page 19, “General Trends” for more information on teacher motivation to engage in PD) as they progress through their career, as it appeals to their sense of intrinsic rewards, and enables teachers to embed their existing belief system into their teaching practice in a positive way. A motivated, engaged teacher is (or becomes, with the experience and education they are motivated to pursue) a high quality teacher.

I do want to note that a motivated, engaged teacher can become the opposite if they feel they aren’t able to succeed  – that is teacher self-efficacy matters too. Teachers who are learning new methodology (such as PBL), working with a shift in student population, or are new to the profession need special support and encouraging guidance from administrators and peers.  Professional mentors matter. That’s another blog post.

An exercise to try is to write down 10 values that are most important to you (or circling from a list like this one). Then cross off 4. Then 3 more, and you’re left with your top 3. It’s also a great exercise to do with students, and can be a team builder when building community in your classroom. To really get into it, listen to Most Nights (above) before this exercise.

I personally almost always start from one of the following values:

  • Social Justice
  • Environmental Sustainability
  • Wellness

Core values aren’t subject specific. They are simple and meaningful to you as an important human being on Earth. Revisiting my own core values each time I design, revise or launch a project provides a direct link between my core values and the effectiveness of my teaching, and that’s motivating.

What do you stand for?

C. (2005, November 1). Teacher quality and student achievement: Research review. (This document was prepared by Policy Studies Associates (PSA). PSA, based in Washington, D.C, is a research and evaluation consulting firm specializing in education and youth development. Its clients include federal, state, and local government agencies, foundations, and other organizations.)

Schieb, L. J., & Karabenick, S. A. (2011). Teacher Motivation and Professional Development: A Guide to Resources. Math and Science Partnership – Motivation Assessment Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Dirt Under Your Nails

Have you ever been so excited to start gardening that you didn’t bother to put gloves on? Just dug your hands into the dirt? I do this…often. Pulling weeds while walking down the street and in parks. I later scrub the dirt out from my nails, but not too much…I’m proud to carry remnants of my to-the-earth hobby with me throughout the day. PBL is like this. Instead of dirt under my nails, I carry my filled to the brim, worn notebook and laptop – full of ideas, scaffolds, project launches, and essential community contacts.

Here’s a trade secret: PBL, even when done really well, is messy. I mean you left the gloves off and it just rained messy. You will get wet sitting in the front row, or even 10 rows back. This is because Project Based Learning is a hybrid of inquiry based learning and traditionally sequenced learning. Yes, there is structure to PBL, but it’s a loose structure. You know, like a garden. Do your research, sow the right seeds for the season with an objective in mind taking into careful consideration of soil, moisture, season, and lighting…and still the unexpected comes along. Master Gardeners, I learned recently, aren’t masters of gardening but masters of problem solving – “We don’t know everything about gardening, we just know how to figure it out.” (Master Gardner at Orientation September, 2016)

I’ve been teaching PBL for 10 years at New Technology High School – the flagship school for the New Tech Network which is now comprised of nearly 200 Project Based Learning schools worldwide. In that 10 years I’ve had some incredible learning experiences both inside the classroom and out – not least of which have come from the students I’ve gotten to know, my experience becoming a mother 3 times over (2x biological, 1x step mom), and my relationships with the unique adults I get to know in this line of work – the gurus, the academics, and the “I hated school, but sure I’ll help out” wild cards full of insight.

Every year I reflect and write down ideas for next year. Things to remember, the answer, the solution. A surge of creativity in the Spring – I revisit core teaching values. Next year will be streamlined, it will be smooth, I will sleep better and so will my students, I will finally be a Master Teacher!

Yet, year after year, incredible insights and tools in hand…it doesn’t get easier – it gets different.

Different kids, different world events, different community news, different tools…every year different. This year’s notes will give me a good structure to work from in the fall, but I still need to come to work alert and ready to adjust every day. There are some core strategies for PBL that do become more second nature with experience. Maybe being a Master PBL teacher doesn’t mean you know the secret to PBL…maybe it just means you have a plan, but also have the ability and willingness to strategize as you go and a willingness to re-design after meeting your students where they are. Even better, being willing to strategize with others. That’s the messy nature of this work, dirt under your nails. I can’t imagine doing it any differently.

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